Garden Calendar

January

Equipment Repair

This is a good time for repair; sharpen mowers, trimmers, shredders, chain saws and weed-eaters. If your equipment needs repair, now is the time to do it. In the spring it may take weeks for a repair.   Clean garden tools, and wipe them with vegetable oil to prevent rust.

Winter Plant Protection

In the event of snow, shake or brush off the snow from the branches of your evergreens and shrubs. The weight of snow may snap off branches.

Forcing Spring Flowering Shrubs

When temperatures rise above freezing in late January and February, select and cut branches that have many plump buds. Cut a few more branches than you expect to use because some may not absorb water satisfactorily. Use a sharp blade and take care not to disfigure the shrub or tree.

With pruning shears or a sharp knife, carefully split the cut end, one to four inches. Place cut branches in a container of warm water and recut one inch from the base of the stem. This will help prevent air from entering the stem through the cut end, blocking water uptake. Remove any buds and twigs that will be under water.

Shrubs that can be forced indoor to bloom:

Cercis – Redbud

Forsythis – Forsythia

Magnolia – Saucer Magnolia, Star Magnolia

Prunus – Flowering Cherry, Plum

Spiraea – Spirea

Viburnum – Viburnum

Cornus – Flowering Dogwood

Lonicera – Honeysuckle

Malus – Apple or Crabapple

Salix- Pussy Willow

Syringa – Lilac

Forcing Spring Flowering Bulbs:

Hyacinth

Tulips

Paperwhite Narcissus

To Force Bulbs to Bloom:

Pot up bulbs and store in a cool, dark place. Then after around 10-12 weeks, bring them indoors and put in a sunny area

Now is a good time to create a map of your garden and use it as a guide for your spring shopping.   Need a new flower bed, or want a change of color. Bring your ideas to us and let us help you select the right plants for your locations.

Spring Checklist

  • Fertilizer products
  • Soil (peat, top soil, compost)
  • Watering Wands, Watering Cans
  • Gloves
  • Insect Control (ants, grubs, spider mites, etc.)
  • Leaf disease fungicides (powdery mildew, rust, etc.)

February

Pruning

Basic Pruning can help to improve the shape of your plants. Cutting out any decayed branches, or winter-damaged branches will improve air circulation, and get better sun exposure. Any suckers, or crossed branches should also be removed.

Fertilizing

Use a fertilizer for evergreens like Miracle Gro Acid Food on your Rhododendrons, Azaleas, Junipers, and Conifers.

Use an all-purpose fertilizer on your fruit and flowering trees, and other deciduous trees and shrubs.

If you use a fast release fertilizer – either early spring or late fall application is the most effective, when roots are growing but plant is dormant. Do not use a fast release fertilizer application, as it may cause new growth to become damaged from frost. A slow release fertilizer may be applied anytime during the growing season.

 

Read manufacturers directions before using fertilizer on your plants.

The most effective method of applying nutrients to the entire root system is broadcasting – spread granular fertilizers evenly over the entire root zone.

March

Vegetable Gardens

Weather permitting, if the soil has warmed some, now would be a good time to add processed manure, peat, or compost to your soil.

Weeding

When weeds start to appear is the time to pull them. Before they have a chance to flower and go to seed. Most weeds can be pulled or cultivated out of the garden. Others may need an herbicide to eliminate them. We carry a full line of weed prevention products that aid in keeping weeds from returning after your garden has been weeded. We also carry a wide variety of mulch to help keep weeds from emerging.

Watering

Check under the eaves of the house and under evergreens to see if your gardens have enough moisture.

April

Yes! We made it to spring! Everyone is excited to finally get out and spend sometime outside with our gardens.

Fertilizing

Now is the time to start using the Scotts® Step 1 Lawn Care Program.

You may also start using a Dormant Oil Spray to help control over-wintering insects and disease.

Fertilize fruit trees, roses, perennials and bulbs. (After bulbs have finished flowering). We have fertilizer for every type plant. And a large selection of fast release or slow release fertilizers, as well as soil amendments.

Pruning

Spring is a good time to prune evergreens. Keep the pruning cuts within the green (foliage) parts of the plant.

Roses can also be pruned back to fresh canes, when leave buds appear. Remove mounded dirt away from Rose bush. Clean up any foliage or old broken canes away from beneath the rose bush.

Prune late flowering shrubs such as Buddleia, and Hydrangea. Prune back to new bud growth only. Buddleia can be pruned back hard to control size.

Vegetables

Time to get the garden underway. Prepare your garden soil in preparation for planting. Remove weeds. We have your soil needs available, peat, top soil, manure and mulch.

Watering

Check the plants under eaves of the house, and under evergreens.

Mulching flower and shrub beds will cut down on water consumption.

Flower Beds

Place Peony supports before buds start to open and weigh down the plant from the size of the blooms.

May

Be Patient! Michigan has a last frost date of May 30th, so, we still may have some over night frost, which you will need to take extra precaution for tender plants.

Fertilizer

At the beginning of May, before buds set. You may still use Dormant Oil Spray to control over-wintered pests and disease.

If you haven’t used Scotts® Step 1 you still have until Mid-May.  

May 15th thru July 1st is the time to start using the Scotts® Step 2 Lawn Program.

Fertilize Roses, Annuals, Containers, and Perennials if you have not already this season.

Annuals

Early May is the time to plant Pansies, Snapdragons, Stock, Dianthus and Petunias.

Late May you should be able to start planting your annuals like Impatiens, Fuchsia, Salvia, Zinnias. Depending on the weather!

Watch the weather forecasts, and protect your plants with a cloth if the night calls for frost.

Begin applications of Deer/Rabbit Repellant.

Begin watering as necessary.

Bulbs

Dahlias, Gladiolus, Begonias, Lilies, and Cannas can be planted at the end of the month.

Deadhead spring flowering bulbs, but allow foliage to remain until yellow.

Perennials

All perennials may be planted outside at this time.

Divide early blooming perennials after they have finished flowering.

Divide late blooming perennials.

Set Plant Supports

Begin applications of Deer Repellant, Rabbit Repellant

Mulch perennial garden beds.

Begin watering as necessary.

Begin weeding.

Vegetables

May 15th the following plants can be planted: Brussels Sprouts, Early Cabbage, Early Cauliflower, Leek, Lettuce, Onions, Strawberry Plants, Sugar Snap Peas.

May 30th the following plants can be planted: Beans, Celery, Corn, Cucumbers, Eggplants, Herbs, Kohlrabi, Melons, Peppers, Pickles, Squash, and Tomatoes.

Shrubs & Trees

Begin planting deciduous trees and evergreen shrubs.

Mulch Azaleas and Rhododendrons.

June

Fertilizing

Use Scotts® Step 2 (Weed and Feed) Lawn Fertilizer on your lawn.

Fertilize Rhododendrons, Azaleas immediately after they have finished flowering. Use an acid fertilizer like Miracle Gro Acid Food.

Use a Rhododendron or Evergreen type fertilizer like Holly-Tone to feed evergreens.

Rose or Vegetable Garden type food to feed Roses, perennials, vegetables, deciduous trees and shrubs.

Fertilize annuals with a liquid type fertilizer or a slow release fertilizer. The best time to fertilize is in the morning before sun is too intense. Fertilizing in the hot sun may burn plants or leave spots on the foliage.

Pruning

June is the month set aside for shaping evergreens. Shear, pinch or prune Junipers, Cypress or Conifers.

Annuals

Continue to plant annuals.

Check for pests and other problems and treat as necessary.

Continue applications of Deer/Rabbit Repellant.

Perennials

Continue to plant and transplant perennials.

Deadhead any early blooming perennials.

Pinch back late blooming perennials like mum, asters.

Check for pest and other problems and treat as necessary.

Continue to deadhead Roses and fertilizer after peak bloom.

Begin to spray Rose bushes every week with a fungicide product to protect against Black Spot.

Slugs – Treat slugs now to prevent damage to hostas and other shade plants.

Continue applications of Deer/Rabbit Repellant.

Deciduous Trees & Evergreen Shrubs

Deadhead Rhododendrons and Lilacs after flowering.

Check for pests or other problems and treat as necessary.

Weeding

The cool, wet spring weather has encouraged the germination of weed seeds, and may become a real problem for many gardens. It is critical that weeds be pulled, cultivated or eliminated in some form before they have a chance to flower and go to seed again. We carry a full line of pre-emergent weed prevention products.

Vegetables

There is still time in early June to plant warm weather vegetables such as Corn, Beans, Peppers, Egg Plant, Tomatoes, Squash, Pumpkins, etc.

Be sure to get these crops planted as soon as possible.

Lawn Care

This is an excellent time to eliminate weeds in your lawn. Scotts® Step 2 lawn program will help make your lawn weed free.

It’s not to late to reseed or over-seed the lawn.


July

July is the time to relax and enjoy the fruits of your hard labor…. The area in your yard that needs the most attention this month is watering. July is still a good time to plant annuals, perennials, shrubs or trees!

Fertilizer

Scotts® Step 3 Lawn Care for your grass.

Fertilize Roses and perennials.

Fertilize annuals and container plants.

Fertilize vegetables.

Annuals

Pinch back container plants to encourage fresh new growth.

Check for pest or other problems and treat as necessary.

Re-apply mulch to flower beds.

Remove weeds, which compete for water.

Applications of Deer/Rabbit Repellent.

Perennials

Pinch back mums, and asters one last time for a nice mounding plant in the fall.

Check for pest or other problems and treat as necessary.

Re-apply mulch to flower beds.

Remove weeds, which compete for water.

Deadhead Roses.

Continue to spray Roses to prevent black spot weekly.

Stake Plants.

Applications of Deer/Rabbit Repellant.

Vegetables

Remove weeds, which compete for water.

Re-apply mulch if needed.

Check for pests and other problems and treat as necessary.

Watering

Water plants early in the day.

Water plants thoroughly and deeply, so there is no need to water as often.

Use efficient sprinklers or water devices.

Hanging Baskets and container planting may need special watering considerations should the temperatures get into the eighties or higher. They may need twice daily watering if it should get too hot.

August

Watering, grooming, and weeding are the most important projects for this month. You can still plant annuals, perennials, shrubs and trees in the month of August!

Fertilize

Scotts® Step 3 Lawn Care can still be applied on your grass.

Fertilize annuals and containers with a liquid type fertilizer.

Fertilize perennials and rose bushes.

Fertilize vegetables.

Annuals

Deadhead flowers on Marigolds, Zinnias, Snapdragons and other annuals.

Check for pests or other problems and treat as necessary.

Applications of Deer/Rabbit Repellant.

Pull weeds.

Cut flowers for drying.

Perennials

Deadhead spent flowers to encourage new blooms.

Check for pests or other problems and treat as necessary.

Applications of Deer/Rabbit Repellents.

Pull weeds.

Cut flowers for drying.

Vegetables

Check for pest or other problems and treat as necessary.

Pull Weeds.

May use applications of animal repellants. Read all manufacturers labels!

Cut, dry, or freeze herbs before the flower for best flavor.

Deciduous Trees & Evergreen Shrubs

Prune summer flowering trees and shrubs after flowering is complete.

Check for pests or other problems and treat as necessary.

Continue planting shrubs and trees.

Lawn Care

It is estimated that the lawn needs about one inch of watering once every five to seven days in order to keep it green and looking nice.

Water during the cooler part of the day so there is less evaporation, watering in the morning is still best, avoid watering at night, standing water can cause powdery mildew and rust problems in lawns.

September

As fall approaches, it is time to start getting the garden ready for fall and winter. It is also time to start planting spring bulbs, and harvesting fruits and vegetables, and it is also time to start feeding the birds.

Fertilizer

Scotts® Step 4 Lawn Program for your grass.

Re-seed lawns.

Thatching can also be done in the fall, fertilize after thatching.

Store Fertilizers in a dry place for the winter, at around 40 degrees F.

Annuals

Time to start removing and composting spent annuals.

Remove all weeds.

Plant Winter Pansies.

Perennials

Plant perennials.

Divide early blooming perennials and daylilies.

Plant fall season Garden Mums and Asters.

Cut flowers for drying.

Applications of Deer/Rabbit Repellents.

Allow September Rose blooms to stay on plants, aids in winter protection.

Remove all weeds.

After hard frost: Transplant peonies and lilies.

Slugs are laying their fall batch of eggs. Treat area’s that are prone to slugs. Use a slug control product like Sluggo or Ortho Bug Geta. Read manufacturers label before applying products.

Vegetables

This is a critical time for harvesting fruits and vegetables. Over looking the ripening time of some vegetables can make them loose a lot of their flavor. Check by appearance, feel, and by taste.

Remove weeds.

Apply Deer/Rabbit Repellents.

Deciduous Trees & Evergreen Shrubs

Plant and transplant trees and evergreen shrubs.

Lawn Care

Seed or Sod new lawns. Fill in bare spots on existing lawns.

Scotts® Step 4 Lawn Program

October

Fall is the time to start putting our gardens to bed for the winter. Clean up, pest control, fertilizer and watering will all help your plants to survive the cold winter temperatures.

Watering

It is very important to take time and check to see that all plants has sufficient soil moisture. Plants that are dried out will have a harder time surviving the colder temps.

Bulbs

There is still time to plant your spring flowering bulbs like tulips, daffodils, hyacinths and crocus.

To Force Blubs to Bloom: Pot up bulbs and store in a cool, dark place. Then after around 10-12 weeks, bring them indoors and put in a sunny area.

Deciduous Trees & Evergreen Shrubs

Plant and transplant evergreens and deciduous Trees.

Prune late flowering shrubs and trees when dormant.

Fertilize deciduous trees and evergreens shrubs.

Lawn Care

Scotts® Winterizer Lawn Care Program on your grass.

Keep fallen leaves raked up and composted.

Perennials

Still a few weeks to plant and transplant perennials.

Applications of Deer/Rabbit Repellent.

Plant fall garden mums, and winter pansies.

Fertilize Garden Mums.

Winterizing

Left and store tender bulbs like Gladiolas, begonias, Cannas, etc.

Fill Bird feeders.

Compost fallen leaves.

Pull weeds.

Bring in all houseplants for the winter before frost.

Pot up parsley, chives, rosemary to grow indoors for the winter months.

November

Take some time to clean up the garden this month. A little time spent on grooming the garden will certainly improve the overall appearance of the garden for the rest of the fall and winter.

Fertilizer

Scotts® Winterizer for your lawn.

Fertilizer trees and shrubs before the ground freezes.

Perennials

Cut back perennials to 4 or 5 inches. Some types like Ornamental Grasses or Coneflowers can be left during the winter months to add winter sculptor to your yard, as well as seeds for the birds.

Remove weeds.

Mulching will help create a blanket of protection over the root system.

Deciduous Trees & Evergreen Shrubs

Mulch boxwood and broad-leaf evergreens.

Provide Burlap Windbreaks for boxwood and broad-leaf evergreens.

Prune late flowering trees and shrubs.

Clean up fallen leaves.

December

Keywords for the month of December are “Winter Plant Protection”. What you do now to protect your plants from the cold winter temperatures will make all the difference in the spring.

Winter Plant Protection

One of the best ways to provide plant protection is to simply cover the plants with some type of cloth material. Place 3 or 4 stakes around the plant, then drape the burlap, or other cloth over the stakes so it does not come into direct contact with the leaves of the plant.

Winter protection for mums: by covering the crown with soil. Cover the soil with a 2 or 3-inch layer of mulch. Do Not Cut Back Dead Stems!

Winter protection for rose bushes: Pile or hill up a loose, well-drained soil/compost mix around and over the plant to a depth of about 10-12 inches. After soil has frozen, you can add another 10-12 inches of leaves, hay or evergreen branches.

Tie branches of columnar arborvitaes or junipers to prevent damage due to weight of snow or ice.

All perennials gardens benefit greatly with a layer of mulch to provide a blanket of protection over the root system.

Taking Cuttings

Prune evergreens, like holly, junipers and pines for holiday decorating.

Clean Up

Take time to clean up the garden any leaves that have fallen. Dead leaves can be cut off perennials and the debris from summer plants can be collected and added to the compost pile. A little time spent on grooming the garden will certainly improve the overall appearance of the garden for the rest of the fall and winter.

Poinsettia Care

Place in sunny window. Keep the plant from touching the cold windows.

Keep Poinsettias away from warm or cold drafts.

Ideally Poinsettia’s require daytime temperatures of 60 to 70 degrees F. And nighttime temperatures at 55 degrees F. Put in cooler room at night if possible.

Check soil daily. Punch holes in foil so water can drain into a saucer. Water when soil is dry.

Fertilize with a houseplant fertilizer once a month.