Planting Your Rose Bush
Make sure that you are planting your rose bush in a location that receives plenty of sunlight, and is not sitting in a low lying damp area.
Dig a hole approximately two times the size of the rose container. Take the rose bush out of the container and gently loosen parts of the root ball by hand. Use #1 Baccto Rose Mix to fill in the hole around the rose bush burying the entire root ball up to the bottom of the rose bush crown. Add #2 RoseTone to the top of the new soil according to the rates on the bag. Add #3 Bayer Rose and Flower Care to the top of the soil every six weeks. Water your rose bush thoroughly after planting and keep the rose bush moist for a few weeks before letting the ground dry out.
1. Prune roses in early spring once the rose starts to show signs of new growth, usually in the form of tiny red buds swelling. These buds will become new branches.
2. Cut out any obviously dead or damaged branches first. Then cutout all but four or five healthy stems, each ideally about as thick as a pencil.
3. Cut the rose bush back by 1/3 to ½, depending on your desired height. Make cuts right above an outward facing bud – that is, a red bud that’s on the outside of the rose bush. This directs the bud to grow up and out, leaving the center of the rose bush open for a prettier shape and better air circulation.
4. Fertilize roses regularly during the growing season. Roses are hungry plants, demanding lot of nutrients for best growth and flowering. Each rose grower has his or her own favorite method. One of the easiest is to buy a slow-release granular rose food and work it into the soil so it can feed the plant all season long. Otherwise, you’ll want to fertilize the rose with a liquid fertilizer every three to four weeks during the growing season (stop in early autumn) or according to package directions.
5. Water diligently. Roses need a steady source of water during the growing season, about 1 inch a week from rain or watering.
1. Mulching – Roses need less weeding and watering. They will have fewer diseases if mulched. Lay down 1 to 2 inches of organic mulch, such as wood chips, pine needles, grass clippings or other biodegradable material.
2. Deadheading – This simply means trimming spent roses off the shrub to encourage it to produce more. While some roses bloom only in one big flush in June, others are bred to keep producing off and on all season long.
3. Spraying - If your rose becomes diseased or has an insect infestation, you may want to treat it by spraying. However, first try simply trimming off the diseased portion of the plant and giving the plant a good strong blast of water from a hose. If you choose to spray, first identify the problem by trimming off the diseased part and taking it to a garden expert where they can prescribe the correct pesticide or herbicide.
1. Stop fertilizing roses in early autumn, at least one month before your region’s first annual frost date. Fertilizing too long into autumn encourages roses to produce tender new growth that will get nipped by the cold.
2. Protect roses as needed in late autumn, after your region’s first hard freeze. In regions where temperatures don’t fall below 20 degrees F (USDA zone 9 and warmer), no additional winter protection is needed. In cooler regions where temperatures don’t fall below 10 degrees below zero (zones 6 to 8), a simple mounding of several inches of soil over the base of the rose should suffice. In cold winter regions where temperatures get colder than 10 degrees below zero (zone 5 and colder), mound to about a foot a month after your region’s last average frost date; additionally, two weeks later, the entire plant should be wrapped in burlap to protect the upper parts.